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ContentProvider往通讯录添加联系人和获取联系人

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       在Android中,可以使用ContentResolver对通信录中的数据进行添加、删除、修改和查询操作。

       在对联系人进行操作时需加入以下两个权限  

<!-- 添加操作联系人的权限 -->

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_CONTACTS" />

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_CONTACTS" />

<!-- 联系人相关的uri -->

content://com.android.contacts/contacts 操作的数据是联系人信息Uri

content://com.android.contacts/data/phones 联系人电话Uri

content://com.android.contacts/data/emails 联系人Email Uri            

1 清单文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   package="com.ljq.contact" android:versionCode="1"
   android:versionName="1.0">
   <application android:icon="@drawable/icon"
       android:label="@string/app_name">
       <uses-library android:name="android.test.runner" />
       <activity android:name=".ContactActivity"
           android:label="@string/app_name">
           <intent-filter>
               <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
               <category
                   android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
           </intent-filter>
       </activity>
   </application>
   <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="7" />
   <instrumentation
       android:name="android.test.InstrumentationTestRunner"
       android:targetPackage="com.ljq.contact"
       android:label="Tests for My App" />
   <!-- 添加联系人权限 -->
   <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_CONTACTS" />
   <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_CONTACTS" />
</manifest>

2 获取联系人和添加联系人

package com.ljq.contact;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import android.content.ContentProviderOperation;
import android.content.ContentProviderResult;
import android.content.ContentResolver;
import android.content.ContentUris;
import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.provider.ContactsContract;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.Data;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.RawContacts;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredName;
import android.test.AndroidTestCase;
import android.util.Log;
public class ContactTest extends AndroidTestCase{
   private static final String TAG = "ContactTest";  
   /**
    * 获取通讯录中联系人
    */
   public void testGetContact(){
       ContentResolver contentResolver = this.getContext().getContentResolver();
       Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://com.android.contacts/contacts");
       Cursor cursor = contentResolver.query(uri, null, null, null, null);
       while(cursor.moveToNext()){
           // 获取联系人姓名
           StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
           String contactId = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts._ID));  
           String name = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts.DISPLAY_NAME));             sb.append("contactId=").append(contactId).append(",name=").append(name);            
           //获取联系人手机号码
           Cursor phones = contentResolver.query(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTENT_URI,  
                   null,                      ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTACT_ID +" = "+ contactId,  
                   null, null);  
           while(phones.moveToNext()){
               String phone = phones.getString(phones.getColumnIndex("data1"));
               sb.append(",phone=").append(phone);
           }            
           //获取联系人email
           Cursor emails = contentResolver.query(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email.CONTENT_URI,  
                      null,                         ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email.CONTACT_ID + " = " + contactId,  
                      null, null);
           while(emails.moveToNext()){
               String email = emails.getString(emails.getColumnIndex("data1"));
               sb.append(",email=").append(email);
           }
           Log.i(TAG, sb.toString());
       }
   }
   /**
    * 首先向RawContacts.CONTENT_URI执行一个空值插入,目的是获取系统返回的rawContactId
    *
    * 这是后面插入data表的数据,只有执行空值插入,才能使插入的联系人在通讯录里可见
    */
   public void testInsert(){
       ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
       //首先向RawContacts.CONTENT_URI执行一个空值插入,目的是获取系统返回的rawContactId
       Uri rawContactUri = this.getContext().getContentResolver().insert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI, values);
       long rawContactId = ContentUris.parseId(rawContactUri);        
       //往data表入姓名数据
       values.clear();
       values.put(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactId);
       values.put(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
       values.put(StructuredName.GIVEN_NAME, "zhangsan");
       this.getContext().getContentResolver().insert(
               android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI, values);        
       //往data表入电话数据
       values.clear();       values.put(android.provider.ContactsContract.Contacts.Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactId);
       values.put(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
       values.put(Phone.NUMBER, "5554");
       values.put(Phone.TYPE, Phone.TYPE_MOBILE);
       this.getContext().getContentResolver().insert(
               android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI, values);
       //往data表入Email数据
       values.clear();        values.put(android.provider.ContactsContract.Contacts.Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactId);
       values.put(Data.MIMETYPE, Email.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
       values.put(Email.DATA, "ljq218@126.com");
       values.put(Email.TYPE, Email.TYPE_WORK);
       this.getContext().getContentResolver().insert(
               android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI, values);
   }    
   /**
    * 批量添加联系人,处于同一个事务中
    */
   public void testSave() throws Throwable{
       //文档位置:referenceandroidproviderContactsContract.RawContacts.html
       ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation> ops = new ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation>();
       int rawContactInsertIndex = 0;       ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI)
               .withValue(RawContacts.ACCOUNT_TYPE, null)
               .withValue(RawContacts.ACCOUNT_NAME, null)
               .build());        
       //文档位置:referenceandroidproviderContactsContract.Data.html        ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI)
               .withValueBackReference(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactInsertIndex)
               .withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE)
               .withValue(StructuredName.GIVEN_NAME, "lisi")
               .build());        ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI)
                .withValueBackReference(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactInsertIndex)
                .withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE)
                .withValue(Phone.NUMBER, "5556")
                .withValue(Phone.TYPE, Phone.TYPE_MOBILE)
                .withValue(Phone.LABEL, "")
                .build());       ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI)
                .withValueBackReference(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactInsertIndex)
                .withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Email.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE)
                .withValue(Email.DATA, "lisi@126.cn")
                .withValue(Email.TYPE, Email.TYPE_WORK)
                .build());        
       ContentProviderResult[] results = this.getContext()                .getContentResolver().applyBatch(ContactsContract.AUTHORITY,ops);
       for (ContentProviderResult result : results) {
           Log.i(TAG, result.uri.toString());
       }
   }  
}

ContentProvider往通讯录添加联系人和获取联系人


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